Here are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA). To learn more about the APA format, see http://www.apastyle.org.
Your directory of works cited should begin at the conclusion of the paper on a page that is new the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author’s last name, with the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Just the initials associated with the first and names that are middle given. An, or The if the author’s name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A.
For dates, spell out of the names of months into the text of one’s paper, but abbreviate them into the selection of works cited, with the exception of May, June, and July. Use either the style that is day-month-year22 July 1999) or the month-day-year style (July 22, 1999) and start to become consistent. Because of the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.
Underlining or Italics?
When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics. If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. But, then publication names should be in italics as they are below if you use a computer. Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of utilizing italics or underlining. Our examples use italics.
All APA citations should use hanging indents, this is certainly, the first type of an entry should always be left that is flush and the second and subsequent lines should be indented 1/2″.
Capitalization, Abbreviation, and Punctuation
The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle. Read More